Here (and numerous other places) take rape very seriously. If causes serious injuries etc. Thd perp can get life in prison. Ditto for a kid under 13. If you come across a rape in progress, or are the victim, you can use lethal force to end the attack. Civil immunity attaches, so the perp or their survivors cannot sue.
Rape is taken seriously, sort of, but getting a conviction is difficult. Few women come forward to report, defence lawyers try to paint the victims as sluts (what were you wearing, how many partners have you previously had, etc.) We've had a few very violent, dangerous characters released here in Victoria recently who, while on parole, committed rape and/or murder while they were out.
It's hard to take the Justice system/parole system seriously where I am. It has allowed so many violent offenders out only to go and re-offend again.
Once he gets over the initial shock, not really. Getting HIV isn't great but medical advances mean it's not the death sentence it used to be.
While advances have been made, HIV is still serious. I think the media has a lot to answer for when it comes to making society complacent about HIV/AIDS again.