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Morning After pill ineffective in overweight women


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#1 DocM

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Posted 27 November 2013 - 07:44

http://m.detnews.com...11260051&f=1217

Paris -- A French contraceptive maker said Tuesday its morning-after pill is ineffective when taken by women who weigh more than 176 pounds.

The decision by HRA Pharma follows a publication of results of a study of levonorgestrel, one of the active ingredients in its Norlevo emergency contraceptive, said Frederique Welgryn, HRA Pharma's head of women's health.

Welgryn said that while the results of the study conducted by the Edinburgh University in 2011 were "quite surprising," the last few years have seen "a lot of discussions" about contraceptives' efficacy in overweight or obese patients.

HRA Pharma Chief Executive Erin Gainer estimated that "millions" of women across Europe use emergency contraceptives identical to Norlevo. Gainer declined to give sales figures for Norlevo alone.

Anna Glasier, a lead researcher in the study, said that their research wasn't designed to look specifically at the effect of weight on emergency contraception. She said their study only included about 1,700 women.

"It is not my place to comment as to whether the company's decision to change advice is premature," she said in an email.

She also noted another previous analysis that found there was no solid evidence to show that hormonal contraceptives were less effective in overweight women, but the quality of the studies was low.

Welgryn said a dose of HRA's drug contains 1.5 mg of levonorgestrel, identical to that found in Plan B One-Step, manufactured by Teva Pharmaceuticals, use identical ingredients.

Denise Bradley, a spokeswoman for Teva Pharmaceuticals, declined to comment.

HRA began the process of consulting with French regulators about changing the pill's labeling in 2012 and it has taken until now for Europe's drug regulators to approve the change, Welgryn said.

The new warning also says that the drug's efficacy is reduced in women who weigh more than 165 pounds, and it is ineffective in women who weigh more than 176 pounds.

Dr. Diana Mansour, a spokeswoman for Britain's Faculty of Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare, said in overweight and obese women the drug probably gets absorbed into their fat more quickly and doesn't have enough time to work in their bodies.

"It has less of a chance to delay ovulation and there are lower levels (in the blood) of the drug to have an effect," she said. Mansour said there wasn't enough information to know if simply giving obese women a higher dose of the drug would solve the problem.

In the U.K., doctors haven't been given any advice to stop giving overweight or obese women Levonnelle, which contains the same active ingredient as Norlevo.

Lynn Hearton, clinical lead for the FPA sexual health charity, said any overweight or obese women concerned about emergency contraception should speak to a medical professional.

"It is particularly important we don't put some women off taking emergency contraception because they think it won't work anyway," she said.

She said women should consider using an IUD, a small plastic birth control device which can be inserted in the womb up to five days after unprotected sex.

HRA markets Norlevo in about 50 countries worldwide. It began marketing the pill in France in 1999.

It will begin printing the warning on packaging in the first half of 2014.




#2 HawkMan

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Posted 27 November 2013 - 08:55

So 80kg is now automatically overweight for women ? 



#3 Florals

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Posted 27 November 2013 - 09:09

What about height? 165lb is a completely healthy weight for a woman who is 5'8, whereas not so much for someone who is 5'0. This study also doesn't body composition into account - the researcher says the hormone will be 'absorbed into their fat' before it does anything useful - if a woman weighs 187lb but is absolutely stacked, then surely she'll be fine? I haven't read the original research, but from this report it seems like a really poor study.



#4 Torolol

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Posted 27 November 2013 - 09:14

they should've use fat% instead



#5 sidroc

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Posted 02 December 2013 - 21:45

What about height? 165lb is a completely healthy weight for a woman who is 5'8, whereas not so much for someone who is 5'0. This study also doesn't body composition into account - the researcher says the hormone will be 'absorbed into their fat' before it does anything useful - if a woman weighs 187lb but is absolutely stacked, then surely she'll be fine? I haven't read the original research, but from this report it seems like a really poor study.


Fat absorbs fast but so does pure size as well. A taller than average female that has a healthy weight of over 175 would have problems with effectiveness. Likewise a 150 pound short obese patient would have problems with effectiveness as well. Larger mass can require a larger dose and adipose tissue absorbs faster so you get hit in both directions.

#6 Co_Co

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Posted 02 December 2013 - 22:09

So 80kg is now automatically overweight for women ? 

if you are average height for a woman (1.6m) thats considered overweight/obese BMI = ~30

 

most woman are not tall and most woman are not muscle bound jacked where BMI isn't accurate

 

if you're a woman and 80kg you are too heavy in a majority of the cases, and not a little too heavy (18.5-24.9) normal BMI you are borderline obese 



#7 HawkMan

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Posted 02 December 2013 - 22:17

And average doesn't mean everyone. so the statement is still false, and plain stupid. 



#8 AJerman

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Posted 02 December 2013 - 22:17

But overweight women don't need morning after pills.  :shiftyninja:



#9 Growled

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Posted 03 December 2013 - 02:46

Can't they make the pills so they are not adsorbed by the fat?



#10 sidroc

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Posted 06 December 2013 - 09:21

Can't they make the pills so they are not adsorbed by the fat?


Unfortunately not, many medications attach to either proteins or fat when taken limiting the effect of the medication. However increasing the dose would work. But then we would have a morning after pill called "extra strength" prescribed for overweight people leading to stigmatization.