I don't object to any hypothesis. I just don't agree with it. And I can't say I necessarily completely disagree with their hypothesis or research, but your interpretation of their results. You did not accept my notion that their results of chemical dependency was semantics and actually synonymous with "drug addiction." I believe drugs are addictive, and I believe that to be a fact born out by drug use creating addicts addicted to them. Drugs change brain chemistry, I suppose that is indeed brain damage, caused by the drug the user is addicted to.
The National Institute on Drug Abuse and Addiction (NIDA), defines addiction in this way:
Addiction is defined as a chronic relapsing brain disease that is characterized by compulsive drug seeking and use, despite harmful consequences. It is considered a brain disease because drugs change the brain – they change it’s structure and how it works. These brain changes can be long lasting, and can lead to the harmful behaviors seen in people who abuse drugs.
Draw your own conclusion of whether "drugs" are addictive. I agree with the interpretations here: http://www.thecleans...it-is-a-choice/. Though after becoming addicted it can be argued it's no longer a "choice."
Simply find a pool of individuals who never use drugs, one group with said brain damage. String them all out on heroin for 9 months, then take it away on day 91. Only the brain damage identified subjects should so symptoms of drug addiction/chemical dependency correct? Where is that study?
I've made no interpretation, but rather just parroted the research. You don't disagree with me, you disagree with the current understanding of science.
Of course, using drugs is a choice. So is getting on a rollercoaster. Whether or not to become addicted though, or to have a heart attack because of a rollercoaster ride, mostly depends on your condition before you made that choice.
You trust the interpretations of this man...
Hi, I’m Steven Slate, the author of this site. As a person who once had a problem with substance use, I bring not only my current research into the recovery culture to the table, but also my personal experience. I went through 5 years of conventional treatment and 12 step group participation, without any long-term success.
Finally, I found successful long term change with the influence of The Saint Jude Program program developed by the Baldwin Research Institute.
Addiction is NOT a Brain Disease, It is a Choice.
And, I trust the scientific findings of the many research scientists that this man has compiled which say the opposite...
Carlton K. Erickson, Ph.D.
Associate Dean for Research & Graduate Studies,
Pfizer Centennial Professor
Dr. Erickson received his Ph.D. degree in pharmacology from Purdue University. He has held tenured teaching and research positions at The University of Kansas and The University of Texas since 1965. He presently is a distinguished Professor of Pharmacology, Associate Dean for Research and Graduate Studies, and Director of the Addiction Science Research and Education Center in the College of Pharmacy at the University of Texas at Austin. He holds memberships in the Research Society on Alcoholism (RSA), the College on Problems of Drug Dependence (CPDD), and the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology (ACNP). Dr. Erickson has published over 260 scientific and professional articles and his book "The Science of Addiction: From Neurobiology to Treatment", published by W.W. Norton, was recently released (2007). He serves as Associate Editor of the scientific journal Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research and is a regular contributor to the journal Addiction Professional.
People who experience dependence have a brain disease. Chemically-dependent people have a brain disease that goes beyond their use of drugs.
Most people (75-85%) can use cocaine or heroin for a while and stop using when they decide to stop. Others (“chemically dependent”) cannot stop without medical and structured therapy.
“Addiction” is a will-power problem: This is an old belief, probably based upon wanting to blame “addicts” for using drugs to excess. This myth is reinforced by the observation that most “treatments” for alcoholism and “addiction” are behavioral (talk) therapies (including Twelve Steps). But “addiction” occurs in a subconscious area of the brain that is not under conscious control, the mesolimbic dopamine system.
You're not taking issue with me, but rather peer reviewed scientific research as compiled by a well respected scientific institution in the field of Addiction Science and it's director.
As I said before, if you really disagree with them so much, maybe you should contact them.