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CB/HAM Radios


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#1 Gerowen

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Posted 03 March 2014 - 22:59

I'm creating this as a general topic for Radios.  Share your setups if you have one, share your handles, where you're at, etc.  This way I can stop creating a new topic every time I want to share something.

So the other night I gave a friend a laptop power cord and an old busted laptop to use for parts, and in exchange he gave me a bunch of spare stuff for CB radios, 3 old radios, a bunch of mics that needed plugs, etc.

 

In the pile was this old Radio Shack TRC-443 radio.  It worked, but only if I flexed the back of the radio, so I figured there was some loose solder somewhere.  I touched up the solder from the antenna plug just to check, but that wasn't it.  After touching and wiggling parts for about 10 minutes, I figured out it was the RF1 final in the middle of the board.  I just touched up the old solder and pushed it back into position to make good contact, and now this old thing is running like a champ on my spare/test antenna (A 36" Lil' Wil' whip stuck on the roof).  It's even picking up skip from Mexico and stuff.  I plan on using it as a "test" radio to test mics and for monitoring a channel other than the one I'm actually talking on with my big radio.  People know to look for me on 10 because that's usually where I go to talk to friends and family so I don't take up space on other channels, but I also spend a lot of time on channel 3 talking to the local CBers.  Now I can use my big radio to talk on 3, and use the little one here to monitor 10.

radioshack-small.jpg

 

This one is a "Realistic" (AKA Radio Shack I think) 40 channel radio, and although it looks pretty rough, it actually works just fine.  I just need to get an adapter to change it over from a 5 pin mic plug to a 4 pin one cause' the 5 pin plugs are pretty much outdated and a pain to re-wire, and that's assuming I even had a 5 pin mic.  I took it apart and crossed over the pins on the back of the plug to make sure the radio worked, I just don't have any mics to fit it.  It looks as though at some point somebody lost the proper channel selector knob and just jammed one on there for the time being, so it kind of looks like the Frankenstein radio.

realistic-small.jpg




#2 +riahc3

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Posted 03 March 2014 - 23:06

Hello,

 

Obvious question comes to mind: Isnt there something illegal about this?



#3 b1kshad0w

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Posted 03 March 2014 - 23:14

I don't own any CB radios, but I do have a FT-950 and FT-450.


http://www.yaesu.com...65&isArchived=0



#4 OP Gerowen

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Posted 03 March 2014 - 23:14

 

Nope.  The only thing that's technically illegal would be if I modified them to output more power than is allowed by the FCC (I haven't), unless I was preparing them for export to a country where they can legally transmit at more than 4 watts.
 
Also it's illegal for me to operate a "HAM" radio, since I'm not a licensed operator, but these aren't HAMs, they're CB (Citizens Band), and although they can use some of the same stuff like mics, coax, and antennas, these operate at lower power and on different frequencies.  CBs are not regulated though as far as "who" can operate them unless the FCC has formally informed you that you can't have one any more, or confiscated your equipment for violating other sections of their regs.


#5 b1kshad0w

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Posted 03 March 2014 - 23:17

Yep, the radios I have you have to have a license to operate. 



#6 OP Gerowen

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Posted 03 March 2014 - 23:23

Yep, the radios I have you have to have a license to operate. 

There's a few guys around here who are amateur/HAM operators, and just tune into the 11 meter band at night to talk to us here locally on CBs using their HAM radios, and I've heard them mention Yaesu radios and speak very highly of them.  I don't know much about them since I'm just a CBer, and am kind of new to that myself.  That thing, even compared to my Cobra 148, makes me feel like a kid who has been playing NES for years and years and just got handed a PS4 controller, lol.  There's a LOT of stuff on there, but I guess that is to accommodate the fact that it will operate on several different bands.



#7 OP Gerowen

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Posted 03 March 2014 - 23:37

My little radio rack.  The thing on the left with the frequency censored out is my police scanner.  It's not illegal for us to have them or know the frequencies, but I'm not sure about other places, so to be safe I censored out the frequency it was receiving on.

 

The scanner is actually a hand-held, and I have a little rubber ducky antenna for it, but I hooked up a power cord, threw in some re-chargeable batteries, and plugged on an adapter and ran some coax to a big antenna out back for better reception.  The old Radio Shack CB on top is hooked to a little 36" Lil' Wil' stuck on the roof, and the Cobra 148 GTL on bottom is my baby, and is ran to an 18 foot Antron A-99 stuck up 40 feet in the air out back with a power/echo mic on it.  It's also a stock radio, so it's just got a 4 watt dead key and whatever additional wattage it swings when you modulate, but I've talked 60+ miles through mountainous country in the evening after skip dies down.

 

I do use the single side band capability occasionally because I have similar radios in both vehicles, and especially during the daytime it helps out a LOT by getting rid of all the background noise and helping us tune each other in and tune everybody else out.

 

I have seriously considered studying up and applying for my HAM/Amateur license, but I'm still learning and getting into CBs, so maybe once I've been on the air a few years and made some contacts and learned a little something I'll give it a shot.  Til' then I'll stick with the CBs.

desk-censored.jpg



#8 He's Dead Jim

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Posted 03 March 2014 - 23:51

Oh, I'm filled with nostalgia... cq cq cq dx.... charlie oscar nine three pick up copy.... ;)

I regularly spoke to Italians, and well sometimes with an upper sideband setup, and a 70watt burner, a thirty foot silver rod on top of my folks house..

 

Then one day a guy from the home office appeared; "Your neighbour has complained about missing a TV movie due to exteme radio interference",

"If you remove that antenna and dismantle any equipment you have, I wont have to come back with a warrant" he wink winked...

 

So, that was my CB days, late seventies?

 

Some long time ago...



#9 OP Gerowen

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Posted 04 March 2014 - 00:15

Oh, I'm filled with nostalgia... cq cq cq dx.... charlie oscar nine three pick up copy.... ;)

I regularly spoke to Italians, and well sometimes with an upper sideband setup, and a 70watt burner, a thirty foot silver rod on top of my folks house..

 

Then one day a guy from the home office appeared; "Your neighbour has complained about missing a TV movie due to exteme radio interference",

"If you remove that antenna and dismantle any equipment you have, I wont have to come back with a warrant" he wink winked...

 

So, that was my CB days, late seventies?

 

Some long time ago...

Yeah when I first set mine up, being new to CB radios, even though there's quite a bit of distance between me and the neighbors, I wasn't sure if it would interfere or not, so I called them and had them flip through TV channels to make sure my antenna wasn't too close and messing with their televisions, albeit it doesn't take much.  I have another Cobra 148 GTL in my pickup, and was sitting in a church parking lot one day and hollered at my mom to ask her a question, and when I came back in they told me that I overpowered the PA system.  They couldn't understand me, but they heard me.  That radio is a stock radio as well, only doing 4 watts + modulation, so I guess it really just depends on how sensitive the stuff around you is.

 

I don't usually have much luck talking skip, probably because I'm not running any power, but I can hear everybody and their cousin from all over the States, Puerto Rico, Canada, Mexico, etc.  Here's a topic with one of the videos in it.
http://www.neowin.ne...ud-in-kentucky/



#10 b1kshad0w

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Posted 04 March 2014 - 00:18

It's pretty easy to get your technician's license. It will open up a whole new world.


Try to locate a local amateur radio club and check it out.



#11 HockeyFan4Life

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Posted 04 March 2014 - 00:29

There is a huge difference in CB and Ham Radio. I enjoy my ham radio alot!



#12 Shiranui

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Posted 04 March 2014 - 00:33

I'm getting flashbacks to the early 80s.

Is this kind of thing still popular?



#13 OP Gerowen

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Posted 04 March 2014 - 00:46

I'm getting flashbacks to the early 80s.

Is this kind of thing still popular?

Around here there's tons of people that have them, but I think it really just depends on where you live.  I'm in a rural part of the mountains of eastern Kentucky.  When I lived in Washington(state not D.C.) I had one in my car and there were still quite a lot of people on the air, but it was harder to find radios and accessories because places like Radio Shack didn't sell them (Although the one here sells all sorts of stuff for them, again I guess it's just supply/demand), so for people who were just curious and wanting to experiment, it was a little harder to get started.  Even if the people around here don't talk on them every evening like I do, if you just pay attention to the cars, about 50% of people have one installed in their vehicles, not just for personal communication, but because a lot of the coal mines require you to have one in your vehicle, that way if you're about to get run over by one of those trucks the size of a building you can holler and let the driver know to stop.

 

I don't know how "many" people around the world still run them, but during daylight hours you almost "have" to have some kind of illegal power to get over top of the noise of everybody skipping in.  Skip, aka DX, is just RF waves bouncing off the upper atmosphere or cloud cover.  Sunlight makes it way worse which is why it's most noticeable during the day.  At night I've talked 60+ miles out, but during the daytime I hear people from all over the world, and I do good to cover this county, let alone reach into Virginia, until the sun goes down.

 

Most truck drivers have them in the U.S. too, for reasons similar to the coal miners.  They keep tabs on road conditions and weigh stations sometimes use them to give instructions to truck drivers, etc.  There's been more than one occasion that I've used the one in my pickup to see what was going on and get directions to a detour from a truck driver who knew more about the area than I did.



#14 Travelar

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Posted 04 March 2014 - 00:57

No CBs anymore, but I own an FT-8800 (mobile), an FT-897 (base), and a VX-6R (HT).

 

Anyone considering getting their license, should The Technician is super simple to get and very rewarding.



#15 OP Gerowen

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Posted 04 March 2014 - 08:25

Still sorting through the huge pile of stuff I got from this guy, and have a question about this power supply.  If anybody knows how to work on these things and can help me out I'd appreciate it.