What will be the next innovations in technology and computing in five years? That's the question that IBM is trying to answer today in their annual "5 in 5" list. This year, IBM's predictions are centered on the five human senses and how they could be extended via techology.
For example, IBM predicts that in five years, people will be able to touch and feel items remotely via a smartphone. IBM states:
We’re not ready to virtually high-five Tupac Shakur’s hologram through a phone – yet. Soon though, the phone will be able to emit a field of vibrations. Just millimeters from the screen. And the vibrations will be subtle. Your phone won’t shake out of your hand, but will deliver a recognizable sensation. Imagine shopping for a wedding dress on a phone or tablet, and being able to feel the satin gown, or even the intricate beading and buttons, or the lace on the veil.
PCs could also be taught to not only see images but also to understand them in a few years, according to IBM; a computer could recognize patterns in a series of images. For example, it could view images of a person's skin over and look for patterns that might turn into skin cancer.
What about sound? IBM predicts that future smartphones could improve a person's hearing. It states:
A smartphone, associated with an ultrasonic system, could turn the speaker’s voice into an ultrasonic frequency that cuts through sounds in the room to be delivered to, and re-translated for only the recipient of the message (who will hear the message as if the speaker was standing close by – no receiving device needed).
PCs could also be used to create a personal menu for a person based on their favorite flavors and tastes combined with the best nutritional formula. Finally, IBM thinks that a PC could be created to detect and identify odors in the air. It states, "The same smell technology, combined with deep learning systems, could troubleshoot operating-room hygiene, crops' soil conditions or a city's sanitation system before the human nose knows there's a problem."