Recently Browsing 0 members
No registered users viewing this page.
Ubuntu 21.04 will use Wayland display server by default
by Paul Hill
Canonical’s Sebastien Bacher has announced that Ubuntu 21.04 will ship with the Wayland display server as the default, replacing X.Org. Bacher confirmed that NVIDIA users will still default to X.Org due to some on-going issues but the company hopes that these will be fully resolved by the time of the next Ubuntu LTS release in April 2022.
If any of this sounds familiar, it’s because Canonical actually set Wayland as the default in Ubuntu 17.10 almost four years ago but found that the software was not ready to be released in the then-upcoming Ubuntu 18.04 LTS which would be used on production machines. Since then, other distributions have adopted Wayland and bugs have been worked out enough so that Canonical is ready to give it another shot.
Explaining the situation, Bacher said:
By shipping Wayland with Ubuntu 21.04, the company has a whole year and another Ubuntu release in October to find any major issues and get them fixed. This additional time, compared to when it was attempted before, should be long enough to ensure a stable Wayland release with Ubuntu 22.04 LTS.
GIMP 2.99.2 released with GTK 3 UI and Wayland support
by Paul Hill
The development version of the image editor GIMP has been bumped to version 2.99.2 which has been described as the first step to GIMP 3. The new development update introduces a GTK 3 user interface with native support for Wayland and HiDPI displays, major code refactoring and clean-up, a new plug-in API, render caching for better performance and more.
With the GTK 3 interface, the team behind GIMP said that the program will look a bit more modern. Aside from the interface looking better, GTK 3 adds proper high pixel density support and CSS-based themes. One side effect of the theme changes is that all custom-made themes from past versions will be incompatible.
Another big change introduced in this update is Wayland support. Wayland is a modern display server that ships as default on several Linux distributions. The team behind GIMP has said that there are a few bugs that need to be worked out before the GIMP 3 release goes ahead. It said that these bugs range from weird GUI bugs to huge memory leaks.
Another interesting feature is render caching, this keeps the result of scaling, colour management, display filters, and shell mask. The team said that this feature will result in a much snappier user experience in comparison to the current stable version of GIMP that uses GTK 2.
The final change worth mentioning is the code refactoring that has been done. While porting old features and implementing new ones, the team did a lot of work on the code structure. It has now been designed in a way which makes it easier to maintain which should result in fewer bugs and better quality software.
If you’d like to try out this developmental version of GIMP, head over to the Development Downloads page and download the appropriate version for your system. Unfortunately, macOS users do not have an option to download this developmental release but will do in later updates.
Debian 10.1 scheduled for September release, later than usual for first point release
by Paul Hill
The Debian Project has announced that it’s planning to push the first point release for Debian 10 on September 7. Debian 10 was released earlier this month, having users wait two months for the first point release is not typical. Debian 9.1, Debian 7.1, and Debian 6.1 were released just a month after their initial releases but Debian 8.1 took two months to arrive.
According to Adam Barratt from Debian’s Stable Release Managers team, the point release will take longer than normal to arrive due to holidays and the annual DebConf conference which took place at the end of July. He acknowledged that the period around the first point release is always very busy and said that package maintainers may have to wait until the subsequent release before their patches make it to users – the most urgent fixes will be getting priority.
Barratt also announced that Debian 9.10 will be receiving a point release on September 7, making it the first since April. Going forward from September, the project is aiming to ship point releases for Debian 10 ever two months, while Debian 9 will get a new release every three to four months.
Debian launched on July 6 and will receive updates for the next five years thanks to the combined efforts of the Debian Security team and the Debian Long Term Support team which will take over after three years. It was the first major release in two years and introduced many new packages and switched to the Wayland display server by default.
Ubuntu 18.04 will revert to long-in-the-tooth Xorg
by Paul Hill
Canonical has announced that it’ll be reverting back to the Xorg graphics stack as the default option in Ubuntu 18.04 LTS “Bionic Beaver”. While Wayland will still be available as an option, the testing that Canonical carried out by making Wayland default in Ubuntu 17.10 has found that Xorg is still more advantageous to use over Wayland, especially for a release which needs to be rock solid as it gets picked up by educational institutions and businesses.
Will Cooke from Canonical, in the announcement, outlined the three main reasons that Xorg would once again become the default display server:
He continued on to confirm that Wayland is indeed the future for Canonical despite it not being default in 18.04:
Wayland has been under development for almost ten years now but has only, in the last few years, started making any appearances on mainline Linux distributions. Fedora 25, which shipped at the end of 2016, used Wayland by default and this decision was followed by Canonical which utilised Wayland in Ubuntu 17.10. With news that Canonical won’t ship it by default in 18.04, it’ll mean that Linux Mint, another very popular distribution which bases its releases on the latest Ubuntu LTS, won’t switch to Wayland until 2020 at the earliest.
Year-old Fedora 25 reaches end of life deadline
by Paul Hill
The Fedora Project has announced that the year-old Fedora 25 has now reached end-of-life (EOL) status as of December 12th. Since its release last November, the Fedora Project has pushed out two subsequent releases; Fedora 26 and Fedora 27.
The Fedora Project has a somewhat intriguing release cycle which is different to that of Ubuntu and its derivatives. In a blog post, the Fedora Project said:
Fedora releases have been known in the past to miss expected release dates so, therefore, the support cycle that the maintainers have opted for is definitely one of the better options. The main reason for such short release cadences is because the distributions aim to offer bleeding edge features upon a reasonably stable base.
Fedora 25 was a huge release for the wider Linux community because it was one of the first big distributions to launch with the Wayland display server which replaced the legacy X11 system, giving the new technology more legitimacy. Wayland’s developers claim that their software is smoother, offers a richer experience for graphical environments, and offers better capabilities for modern graphics hardware.
If you're still on Fedora 25 you're recommended to upgrade to a newer version to continue receiving updates for your system.
Source: Fedora Magazine