Jump to content



Photo

  • Please log in to reply
54 replies to this topic

#1 Asrokhel

Asrokhel

    Neowinian

  • 1,027 posts
  • Joined: 05-April 12
  • OS: Windows 8 Pro x64 (testing to see if I keep it or go back to Windows 7)

Posted 22 November 2012 - 11:37

Researchers believe that they have found the definitive difference between humans and other primates, and they think that the difference all comes down to a single gene.

What makes us human? Some say that it is the development of language, though others argue that animals have language as well. Some say that it is our ability to use tools, though many animals are able to use rocks and other objects as primitive tools. Some say that it is our ability to see death coming.

Now, researchers believe that they have found the definitive difference between humans and other primates, and they think that the difference all comes down to a single gene.

Researchers from the University of Edinburgh in Scotland attribute the split of humanity from apes to the gene miR-941. They say that the gene played an integral role in human development and contributed to humans' ability to use tools and learn languages.

Most of the time, when one species diverges from another, that difference occurs because of gene mutations, duplications, or deletions. However, this gene is believed to have emerged, fully functional, from "junk DNA" in a breathtakingly short amount of evolutionary time.

Humans share 96 percent of their genes with other primates. Of the 4 percent that humans alone have, a significant portion of it has been widely labeled "junk DNA". Researchers have since that "junk DNA" is functional, even though it does not code. This is the first time that a gene that humans and other primates do not share has been shown to actually have a specific function within the body.

Researchers came to this conclusion after comparing the human genome to 11 other species of mammals, including gorillas, chimpanzees, mice, and rats. These comparisons were made so that the geneticists could find the difference between them.

In a study published in Nature Communications, researchers say that the gene emerged sometime between six and one million years ago.

The gene is highly active in the regions of the brain that control language learning and decision making, indicating that it may play a significant role in the higher brain functions that make humans, well, human.


















http://www.medicalda...ween-humans.htm


#2 Dan~

Dan~

    Neowinian Senior

  • 2,667 posts
  • Joined: 21-May 03

Posted 22 November 2012 - 11:42

Doesn't suprise me. I always say at work "I get paid peanuts, so they get monkeys" so therefore I am a chimp, but drink my PG tips :)

#3 Yusuf M.

Yusuf M.

  • 21,358 posts
  • Joined: 25-May 04
  • Location: Toronto, ON
  • OS: Windows 8.1 Pro
  • Phone: OnePlus One 64GB

Posted 22 November 2012 - 11:59

It makes you wonder how that gene arose from junk DNA in such a short amount of time. It's truly remarkable.

#4 OP Asrokhel

Asrokhel

    Neowinian

  • 1,027 posts
  • Joined: 05-April 12
  • OS: Windows 8 Pro x64 (testing to see if I keep it or go back to Windows 7)

Posted 22 November 2012 - 12:06

It makes you wonder how that gene arose from junk DNA in such a short amount of time. It's truly remarkable.


Well, my belief is that we [Homo sapiens sapiens] were genetically engineered.

#5 +Xinok

Xinok

    Resident Reresident

  • 3,495 posts
  • Joined: 28-May 04
  • Location: Shikaka
  • OS: Windows 7 x64
  • Phone: Galaxy S3 (Wicked)

Posted 22 November 2012 - 17:07

It makes you wonder how that gene arose from junk DNA in such a short amount of time. It's truly remarkable.

It's better to think of it as noncoding DNA. It's possible that portions of this DNA were genes that synthesized proteins millions of years ago, meaning they underwent selective pressure and evolved. Then some event caused these genes to lose their function and become part of "junk DNA." Because they aren't coding for proteins, they no longer undergo selective pressure and can remain largely unchanged for millions of years. Finally, some event reactivates them and they're already fully functional because they evolved millions of years ago and simply remained dormant for all of that time.

#6 Luis Mazza

Luis Mazza

    Neowinian

  • 1,733 posts
  • Joined: 11-January 09
  • Location: Sao Paulo, Brazil

Posted 22 November 2012 - 17:22

I think this is only the tip of the iceberg, as there are too many differences to be carried out by only one gene. For instance: the aids virus does not affect apes, but it does heavily affect humans. It is not only about intelligence...
Conclusions like this are really worrisome because science funding is getting scarce and things are looking ugly. :|
Junk genes are as junk as the ignorance of the ones who give it's name.

#7 OP Asrokhel

Asrokhel

    Neowinian

  • 1,027 posts
  • Joined: 05-April 12
  • OS: Windows 8 Pro x64 (testing to see if I keep it or go back to Windows 7)

Posted 22 November 2012 - 17:26

For instance: the aids virus does not affect apes, but it does heavily affect humans. It is not only about intelligence...


Actually, HIV started as SIV, before it jumped to us and became HIV/AIDS.

#8 ArialBlue

ArialBlue

    var lulz;

  • 1,768 posts
  • Joined: 24-June 10
  • Location: Democratic People's Republic of Korea
  • OS: Windows Master Race

Posted 22 November 2012 - 17:31

Another kick in the balls to the religious crowd :3

#9 Detection

Detection

    Detecting stuff...

  • 8,369 posts
  • Joined: 30-October 10
  • Location: UK
  • OS: 7 SP1 x64

Posted 22 November 2012 - 17:32

Well, my belief is that we [Homo sapiens sapiens] were genetically engineered.


By who? The dumb animals? We are the most intelligent species and we're still learning GE

#10 OP Asrokhel

Asrokhel

    Neowinian

  • 1,027 posts
  • Joined: 05-April 12
  • OS: Windows 8 Pro x64 (testing to see if I keep it or go back to Windows 7)

Posted 22 November 2012 - 17:35

By who? The dumb animals? We are the most intelligent species and we're still learning GE


I believe in advanced alien life, so guess who genetically engineered us!

#11 TPreston

TPreston

    Neowinian Senior

  • 2,585 posts
  • Joined: 18-July 12
  • Location: Ireland
  • OS: Windows 8.1 Enterprise & Server 2012R2/08R2 Datacenter
  • Phone: Nokia Lumia 1520

Posted 22 November 2012 - 17:47

I believe in advanced alien life, so guess who genetically engineered us!


Kind of like a man that knocks up a girl and runs off ?

#12 brianshapiro

brianshapiro

    Neowinian Senior

  • 2,947 posts
  • Joined: 10-January 02
  • Location: Encino, CA

Posted 22 November 2012 - 17:49

I believe in advanced alien life, so guess who genetically engineered us!


Who engineered the aliens? Who built the aliens' ancient monuments?

My belief is the ancient monuments of the aliens were built by even ancienter aliens, who engineered those ancient aliens, and those even ancienter aliens had monuments built by aliens that were even more ancient, and so on, iterating infinitely into even more ancient and ancienter aliens.

#13 Luis Mazza

Luis Mazza

    Neowinian

  • 1,733 posts
  • Joined: 11-January 09
  • Location: Sao Paulo, Brazil

Posted 22 November 2012 - 17:57

Actually, HIV started as SIV, before it jumped to us and became HIV/AIDS.


Yes, but even between monkeys there's a huge difference. How can it even be a single gene if there's a huge difference between the same species?
That's the point.

http://www.scienceda...91205110306.htm

Who engineered the aliens? Who built the aliens' ancient monuments?

My belief is the ancient monuments of the aliens were built by even ancienter aliens, who engineered those ancient aliens, and those even ancienter aliens had monuments built by aliens that were even more ancient, and so on, iterating infinitely into even more ancient and ancienter aliens.


True... It's like saying that we were made by god, but actually just changing it's name.

To be looking for a "creator" is as dumb as being asked to be enslaved. It's actually a shame.

#14 Detection

Detection

    Detecting stuff...

  • 8,369 posts
  • Joined: 30-October 10
  • Location: UK
  • OS: 7 SP1 x64

Posted 22 November 2012 - 17:57

I believe in advanced alien life, so guess who genetically engineered us!


God! :p

#15 Javik

Javik

    Beware the tyrrany of those that wield power

  • 5,956 posts
  • Joined: 21-May 12

Posted 22 November 2012 - 18:05

Another kick in the balls to the religious crowd :3


But evilution is a liberul conspirecy! we all know God created us with the dinosaurs 6,000 years ago! Anyone who says otherwise is a liberul commie terrorist that hates America!

:p