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Linus Torvalds is not much of a fan of GitHub's "absolutely useless garbage merges"
by Sayan Sen
A few days ago, Paragon Software Group, a company that deals with various storage technologies, submitted a pull request for its NTFS read/write driver dubbed NTFS3 for the upcoming Linux 5.15 kernel.
Linux head honcho Linus Torvalds however wasn't too pleased with the submission. While Torvalds really didn't have too much of an issue with the NTFS3 pull request itself, he was rather annoyed however at the GitHub merge commit in it, as apparently, the Linux boss does not like GitHub merges much, if at all.
Here's what Linus Torvalds has said in a response to Paragon Software in a rather familiar stern manner about the GitHub merges:
Finally. Torvalds also revealed what he would much rather prefer instead of GitHub when it comes to Linux kernel merges:
So command line it is for Linus Torvalds then.
Debian 11 "bullseye" stable release is finally out, brings exFAT support and more
by Sayan Sen
The Debian Project earlier today released the first stable version of the Debian 11 (codenamed "bullseye") Linux distribution, succeeding the earlier Debian 10 (buster) release. Work on the newly released distro has been going on for quite some time and the Debian team promises the new OS would be supported till 2026.
Debian is always touted by its makers as "The Universal Operating System" and to stay true to it, Debian 11 is releasing across nine architectures. The supported architectures are given below with links to their corresponding Debian 11 changes:
amd64 i386 AArch64 armel armhf MIPS MIPS64 PowerPC z/Architecture It also features close to 60,000 packages with the precise number being 59,551. Among these, 11,294 packages are new and 42,821 have been updated. 5,434 packages have remained unchanged while 9,519 "obsolete" packages have been removed.
And in terms of compatible desktop environments, Debian 11 supports:
GNOME 3.38 KDE Plasma 5.20 LXDE 11 LXQt 0.16 MATE 1.24 Xfce 4.16 As far as new features are concerned, there are a few significant ones. For example, the Debian 11 kernel now supports exFAT (Extensible File Allocation Table) filesystem. Resources for managing the exFAT filesystem are available in the exfatprogs package.
Debian 11 also brings IPP-over-USB protocol via a new package called "ipp-usb" that allows driverless printing for USB printers.
Alongside these, there are also plenty of other changes too with the new Debian 11. You can find more details in the release notes linked earlier and from the official press release here.
By Usama Jawad96
Vimeo improves page load times with support for AVIF images
by Usama Jawad
While video-hosting service Vimeo isn't quite as popular as YouTube, it still has hundreds of millions of users. Over the past few years, the company has been regularly updating its service to entice more customers.
The firm has announced that it now supports AVIF images which means an automatic improvement in page load times and bandwidth consumption too.
Image via Vimeo For those unaware, AVIF is an acronym for "AV1 Image File Format" and is essentially an AV1 format for still images. Both these specifications have been getting a lot of traction recently. AVIF is getting official support in Android 12 and has been supported in Cloudflare since October 2020 as well.
Vimeo has stated that with support for AVIF images, page load times will increase as the format preserves comparable image quality to JPEG and WebP, while maintaining a smaller file size. Although a potential downside is that encoding takes longer, the firm says that this will not be an issue because this will be a one-time operation after which AVIF images will be cached.
Moving forward, Vimeo says that its image server will deliver image formats depending upon the HTTP headers of a web request and the properties of the source image. All browsers that explicitly support the AVIF format will automatically receive images in the format, while browsers which don't will receive WebP images. JPEG and PNG will only be kept as fallback options and for compatibility with those on outdated configurations.
Vimeo has highlighted that if you use Firefox and have AVIF enabled manually, you should keep in mind that colors will not appear accurate because the browser lacks proper color space support.
By Rich Woods
Microsoft is adding support for exFAT to the Linux kernel
by Rich Woods
Today, Microsoft announced that it's going to be supporting adding exFAT to the Linux kernel. If you're unfamiliar with exFAT, it's the file system that's the successor to FAT32, used in Windows, SD cards, flash drives, and so on. As Microsoft puts it, it's the reason that so many devices work as soon as you use them in a "laptop, camera, and car".
Microsoft wants the Linux community to be able to use it as well, so it's releasing the spec for exFAT to the public. In fact, you can read through all of the documentation right now. One big advantage over FAT32 that you'll find is that it supports larger files. Being that FAT32 is a 32-bit file system, it can't support files over 4GB. exFAT is 64-bit, so it doesn't have the same limitation.
Support for FAT32 is pretty much everywhere, mainly because between it, exFAT, and NTFS, FAT32 has been around the longest. It makes sense for the newer exFAT to be available in more places.
Microsoft said that it also wants a Linux kernel with exFAT support to be included in a version of the Open Invention Network's Linux System Definition, eventually.
Exploit uses antivirus quarantine to release malware
by Justin L.
via Florian Bogner As the threat of malware grows more and more dangerous every day, antivirus programs evolve and help to keep our systems protected. However, a newly-discovered exploit takes advantage of these applications' features against themselves.
Florian Bogner, an Austrian IT security professional, dubbed the exploit as 'AVGater.' It takes advantage of the function of modern antiviruses to take out a certain entry from quarantine, and place it somewhere else on the host system to re-introduce the malware.
As explained in the video, a local attacker can manipulate the antivirus' scanning engine to bring the malicious file out. Typically, a non-administrator user would not be allowed to write a file to system folders like 'Program Files' or 'Windows', but by abusing NTFS directory junctions, access to these directories would be granted.
To be able to do all of this, however, the attacker must have access to the computer they want to infect; enterprise customers can be seen more as the ones who can be a target, as users could accidentally or even intentionally release a file from quarantine, potentially infecting others on their network.
Several unnamed products have been tested for AVGater prior to the disclosure of the exploit. Kaspersky, Malwarebytes, ZoneAlarm, Trend Micro, Emsisoft, and Ikarus have all released patches, as of publishing.
Source: Florian Bogner via Digital Trends