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installing urllib in Python 3.6 fails - confusion with Python 2.7



hello dear Experts,

installing urllib in Python3.7 - here i encountered issues.  I would like to import urllib to use the function 'request'.

However, I encountered an error when trying to do so. I tried pip install urllib but still had the same error. I am using Python 3.7.x Really appreciate any help. i do import urllib.request using this following code:


import urllib.request, urllib.parse, urllib.error
fhand = urllib.request.urlopen('data.pr4e.org/romeo.txt')
counts = dict()
for line in fhand:
words = line.decode().split()
for word in words:
counts[word] = counts.get(word, 0) + 1


but it gives me this error: ModuleNotFoundError:
No Module named 'urllib.parse'; 'urllib' is not a package

if i look at this page: https://urllib3.readthedocs.io/en/latest/

they recomend to install this way:


pip install urllib3
if i do so i get back this:
root@mx:/home/martin# pip install urllib3
Requirement already satisfied: urllib3 in /usr/lib/python2.7/dist-packages (1.24.1)
root@mx:/home/martin# ^C


well this is funny - since it points out some path to python 2.7

Alternatively, the manpage (https://urllib3.readthedocs.io/en/latest/ ) suggests to go this way: grab the latest source code from GitHub:


$ git clone git://github.com/urllib3/urllib3.git
$ python setup.py install


this i did not try yet! But i will do so

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by the way: i allways thoguth that urllib is a standard python library (built-in) so you don't have to install it.

just import it if you need to use request by:



import urllib.request


i will do further investigations...

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pip3 install urllib3  



.... it gave back the following: 


Requirement already satisfied: urllib3 in /usr/lib/python3/dist-packages (1.24.1)

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finally managed to setup VSCodium on the MX-Linux (Version 19.1)



Version: 1.43.2
Commit: 0ba0ca52957102ca3527cf479571617f0de6ed50
Date: 2020-03-24T21:03:16.125Z
Electron: 7.1.11
Chrome: 78.0.3904.130
Node.js: 12.8.1
OS: Linux x64 4.19.0-6-amd64



guess that this is the actual Version!?!  . again the machine: MX-19.1 with Python 3.7.xy installed


Note: at the moment VSCodium is not configured towards a python-development-system. These steps have not been made. 
conclusio: on the mx-linux i now have VSCodium besides ATOM-Editor - i like ATOM it has a nice Github-Integration.

on a sidenote: on the Windows-machine (WIN-10) i have VS-Code Version: 1.43:

see on Win10 i have the following data: 


1 Version: 1.43.2 (user setup)
2 Commit: 0ba0ca52957102ca3527cf479571617f0de6ed50
3 Date: 2020-03-24T07:38:38.248Z
4 Electron: 7.1.11
5 Chrome: 78.0.3904.130
6 Node.js: 12.8.1
7 V8:
8 OS: Windows_NT x64 10.0.18363



at the moment i struggle with the following message:



 NodeJS not detected on this machine, which is required for Pymakr to work. See the Pymakr readme for dependancies.

well back to the Linux-machine with MX-Linux version 19.1 and with ATOM. on a freshly installed ATOM on MX-Linux: i have to setup a lot. for some test i run the code - taken from here: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/60908216/how-to-handle-multiple-urls-in-beautifultsoup-and-convert-the-data-into-datafram

see what i have got back bs4_request_10  Link: https://pastebin.com/C3V8vryr




Traceback (most recent call last):
  File "/home/martin/dev/python/daad_studienangebote_url_liste.py", line 25, in <module>
  File "/home/martin/dev/python/daad_studienangebote_url_liste.py", line 20, in Main
    df.to_csv("data.csv", index=False)
  File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/pandas/core/generic.py", line 3020, in to_csv
  File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/pandas/io/formats/csvs.py", line 172, in save
  File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/pandas/io/formats/csvs.py", line 288, in _save
    self._save_chunk(start_i, end_i)
  File "/usr/local/lib/python2.7/dist-packages/pandas/io/formats/csvs.py", line 315, in _save_chunk
    self.cols, self.writer)
  File "pandas/_libs/writers.pyx", line 75, in pandas._libs.writers.write_csv_rows
UnicodeEncodeError: 'ascii' codec can't encode character u'\xa0' in position 39: ordinal not in range(128)
[Finished in 3.134s]



by the way:  see more errors: gathered with bs4 scripts form SO within the last 5 days - runned here:


bs4_request_1  Link: https://pastebin.com/sUmva6iJ
bs4_request_2  Link: https://pastebin.com/Tt3XaG4p
bs4_request_3  Link: https://pastebin.com/wf9VTvjs
bs4_request_4  Link: https://pastebin.com/1s6LVqni
bs4_request_6  Link: https://pastebin.com/tEsZxxEs
bs4_request_7  Link: https://pastebin.com/55q4ewrq
bs4_request_8  Link: https://pastebin.com/YNKAMUXH

bs4_request_10  Link: https://pastebin.com/C3V8vryr


i guess that i set up the machine /ATOM badly … - any and all help greatly appreciated. - regards Zero

I recently have read an article on using Virtual Environments for Python projects.


and this one  Comparing Python Virtual Environment tools



guess that have to take care how i setup python on my linux-machine. 


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