Staff in technology jobs work in the white collar equivalent of a 19th century factory. suffering from isolation, job insecurity and long hours, research has found.
Much needs to be done to ease the intense pressure, inequality and exclusion in technology jobs, said the study by Sean O'Riain, Professor of Sociology at the University of California.
He looked at the characteristics of hi-tech workplaces, which are seen as a potential model for the future of work.
He found that the individualistic, macho culture of tech jobs was putting women off applying for jobs, despite an often critical shortage of skills.