While it was reported that Windows 10 sends your activity data to the cloud even when you tell it not to, Microsoft says that this is not true. It's simply some confusion over the feature's name.
Windows 11 build 23545 fixes a number of File Explorer bugs and more
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Activity history RSS
Activity history logs everything to the cloud even when disabled. Is it a feature, an overlooked bug, or is Microsoft forcing this telemetry gathering on everyone regardless of the set preference?